Airworthiness Directive

ID: 2017-19-19
Issue date: 2017-09-26
Effective date: 2017-10-11  
Subject: Turbine Engine Compressor Section
Source: FAA
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Rolls-Royce plc Turbofan Engines

[Federal Register Volume 82, Number 185 (Tuesday, September 26, 2017)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 44715-44717]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2017-20420]

––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

Federal Aviation Administration

14 CFR Part 39

[Docket No. FAA-2017-0767; Product Identifier 2017-NE-26-AD; Amendment 39-19049; AD
2017-19-19]

RIN 2120-AA64

Airworthiness Directives; Rolls-Royce plc Turbofan Engines

AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT.

ACTION: Final rule; request for comments.

––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

Summary:
We are adopting a new airworthiness directive (AD) for certain Rolls-Royce plc (RR)
Trent XWB-75, Trent XWB-79, Trent XWB-79B, and Trent XWB-84, turbofan engines. This AD
requires replacement of the low-pressure compressor (LPC) case support inboard pins. This AD was
prompted by LPC case support inboard pins that may have reduced integrity due to incorrect heat
treatment. We are issuing this AD to correct the unsafe condition on these products.

Dates:
This AD becomes effective October 11, 2017.
The Director of the Federal Register approved the incorporation by reference of a certain
publications listed in this AD as of October 11, 2017.
We must receive comments on this AD by November 13, 2017.

Addresses:
You may send comments by any of the following methods:
• Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the instructions for
submitting comments.
• Mail: U.S. Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., West Building
Ground Floor, Room W12-140, Washington, DC 20590-0001.
• Hand Delivery: Deliver to Mail address above between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through
Friday, except Federal holidays.
• Fax: 202-493-2251.
For service information identified in this AD, contact Rolls-Royce plc, Corporate
Communications, P.O. Box 31, Derby, England, DE24 8BJ; phone: 011-44-1332-242424; fax: 011-
44-1332-249936; email: http://www.rolls-royce.com/contact/civil_team.jsp; Internet:
https://customers.rolls-royce.com/public/rollsroycecare. You may view this service information at the
FAA, Engine and Propeller Standards Branch, Policy and Innovation Division, 1200 District Avenue,

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Burlington, MA 01803. For information on the availability of this material at the FAA, call 781-238-
7125. It is also available on the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating
Docket No. FAA-2017-0767.

Examining the AD Docket

You may examine the AD docket on the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov by searching for
and locating Docket No. FAA-2017-0767; or in person at the Docket Operations office between 9
a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. The AD docket contains this AD,
the mandatory continuing airworthiness information (MCAI), regulatory evaluation, any comments
received, and other information. The address for the Docket Office (phone: 800-647-5527) is in the
ADDRESSES section. Comments will be available in the AD docket shortly after receipt.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Robert Green, Aerospace Engineer, FAA, ECO
Branch, Compliance and Airworthiness Division, 1200 District Avenue, Burlington, MA 01803;
phone: 781-238-7754; fax: 781-238-7199; email: robert.green@faa.gov.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Comments Invited

This AD is a final rule that involves requirements affecting flight safety, and we did not precede
it by notice and opportunity for public comment. We invite you to send any written relevant data,
views, or arguments about this AD. Send your comments to an address listed under the ADDRESSES
section. Include “Docket No. FAA-2017-0767; Directorate Identifier 2017-NE-26-AD” at the
beginning of your comments. We specifically invite comments on the overall regulatory, economic,
environmental, and energy aspects of this AD. We will consider all comments received by the closing
date and may amend this AD because of those comments.
We will post all comments we receive, without change, to http://www.regulations.gov, including
any personal information you provide. We will also post a report summarizing each substantive
verbal contact with FAA personnel concerning this AD.

Discussion

The European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA), which is the Technical Agent for the Member
States of the European Community, has issued EASA AD 2016-0242, dated December 7, 2016
(referred to hereinafter as “the MCAI”), to correct an unsafe condition for the specified products. The
MCAI states:

It has recently been established that a certain population of low pressure (LP)
compressor case support pins and hollow dowels have insufficient material properties
and do not meet specification requirements. This condition, if not corrected, could
result in loss of core to fan case concentricity, LP compressor blade rubs and possible
blade release, or engine under cowl fire. To address this unsafe condition, RR
published Alert NMSB TRENT XWB 72-AJ443 to provide instructions to inspect and
replace the affected non-conforming components.

You may obtain further information by examining the MCAI in the AD docket on the Internet at
http://www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA-2017-0767.




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Related Service Information Under 1 CFR Part 51

RR has issued Alert Non-Modification Service Bulletin (NMSB) No. TRENT XWB 72-AJ443,
Revision 1, dated December 21, 2016. The Alert NMSB describes procedures for replacement of all
non-conforming LPC case support inboard pins. This service information is reasonably available
because the interested parties have access to it through their normal course of business or by the
means identified in the ADDRESSES section.

FAA's Determination and Requirements of This AD

This product has been approved by EASA, and is approved for operation in the United States.
Pursuant to our bilateral agreement with the European Community, EASA has notified us of the
unsafe condition described in the MCAI and service information referenced above. We are issuing
this AD because we evaluated all information provided by EASA and determined the unsafe
condition exists and is likely to exist or develop on other products of the same type design. This AD
requires replacement of all non-conforming LPC case support inboard pins.

FAA's Determination of the Effective Date

No domestic operators use this product. Therefore, we find that notice and opportunity for prior
public comment are unnecessary and that good cause exists for making this amendment effective in
less than 30 days.

Costs of Compliance

We estimate that this AD affects no engines installed on airplanes of U.S. registry.
We estimate the following costs to comply with this AD:

Estimated Costs
Action Labor cost Parts Cost per Cost on U.S.
cost product operators
Inboard pin 18 work-hours × $85 per hour $0 $1,530.00 $0
replacement = $1,530.00

Authority for This Rulemaking

Title 49 of the United States Code specifies the FAA's authority to issue rules on aviation safety.
Subtitle I, section 106, describes the authority of the FAA Administrator. “Subtitle VII: Aviation
Programs,” describes in more detail the scope of the Agency's authority.
We are issuing this rulemaking under the authority described in “Subtitle VII, Part A, Subpart
III, Section 44701: General requirements.” Under that section, Congress charges the FAA with
promoting safe flight of civil aircraft in air commerce by prescribing regulations for practices,
methods, and procedures the Administrator finds necessary for safety in air commerce. This
regulation is within the scope of that authority because it addresses an unsafe condition that is likely
to exist or develop on products identified in this rulemaking action.
This AD is issued in accordance with authority delegated by the Executive Director, Aircraft
Certification Service, as authorized by FAA Order 8000.51C. In accordance with that order, issuance
of ADs is normally a function of the Compliance and Airworthiness Division, but during this
transition period, the Executive Director has delegated the authority to issue ADs applicable to


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engines, propellers, and appliances to the Manager, Engine and Propeller Standards Branch, Policy
and Innovation Division.

Regulatory Findings

We determined that this AD will not have federalism implications under Executive Order 13132.
This AD will not have a substantial direct effect on the States, on the relationship between the
national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the
various levels of government.
For the reasons discussed above, I certify this AD:
(1) Is not a “significant regulatory action” under Executive Order 12866,
(2) Is not a “significant rule” under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034,
February 26, 1979),
(3) Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska to the extent that it justifies making a regulatory
distinction, and
(4) Will not have a significant economic impact, positive or negative, on a substantial number of
small entities under the criteria of the Regulatory Flexibility Act.

List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39

Air transportation, Aircraft, Aviation safety, Incorporation by reference, Safety.

Adoption of the Amendment

Accordingly, under the authority delegated to me by the Administrator, the FAA amends 14 CFR
part 39 as follows:

PART 39–AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES

1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows:

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701.

§ 39.13 [Amended]

2. The FAA amends § 39.13 by adding the following new airworthiness directive (AD):




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AIRWORTHINESS
FAA DIRECTIVE
Aviation Safety
www.faa.gov/aircraft/safety/alerts/
www.gpoaccess.gov/fr/advanced.html


2017-19-19 Rolls-Royce plc: Amendment 39-19049; Docket No. FAA-2017-0767; Product
Identifier 2017-NE-26-AD.

(a) Effective Date

This AD is effective October 11, 2017.

(b) Affected ADs

None.

(c) Applicability

This AD applies to Rolls-Royce plc (RR) Trent XWB-75, Trent XWB-79, Trent XWB-79B, and
Trent XWB-84 turbofan engines with an engine serial number (ESN) listed in Appendix 1 of RR
Alert Non Modification Service Bulletin (NMSB) Trent XWB 72-AJ443, Revision 1, dated
December 21, 2016.

(d) Subject

Joint Aircraft System Component (JASC) Code 7230, Turbine Engine Compressor Section.

(e) Reason

This AD was prompted by low-pressure compressor (LPC) case support inboard pins that may
have reduced integrity due to incorrect heat treatment. We are issuing this AD to prevent failure of
the LPC case support inboard pins, loss of core to fan case concentricity, LPC blade rubs and possible
blade release, or an engine under cowl fire.

(f) Compliance

Comply with this AD within the compliance times specified, unless already done.

(g) Required Actions

(1) Before exceeding 1,500 flight cycles since new, or within 4 months after the effective date of
this AD, whichever occurs later, inspect each LPC case support inboard pin to identify the serial
number (S/N) using Section 3, the Accomplishment Instructions, of RR Alert NMSB Trent XWB 72-
AJ443, Revision 1, dated December 21, 2016.
(i) If a pin having a S/N that begins with 235338 is installed, replace the LPC case support
inboard pin, and outboard hollow dowels, nuts and bolts using Section 3, the Accomplishment
Instructions of RR Alert NMSB Trent XWB 72-AJ443, Revision 1, dated December 21, 2016.



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(ii) If a pin having a S/N that begins with 237746 or 204520 is installed, replace the LPC case
support outboard hollow dowel, nuts and bolts, using Section 3, the Accomplishment Instructions of
RR Alert NMSB Trent XWB 72-AJ443, Revision 1, dated December 21, 2016.

(h) Installation Prohibition

After the effective date of this AD, do not install an engine affected by this AD, unless it has
been inspected in accordance with the Accomplishment Instructions of RR Alert NMSB Trent XWB
72-AJ443, Revision 1, dated December 21, 2016.

(i) Alternative Methods of Compliance (AMOCs)

(1) The Manager, FAA, ECO Branch, Compliance and Airworthiness Division, has the authority
to approve AMOCs for this AD, if requested using the procedures found in 14 CFR 39.19. In
accordance with 14 CFR 39.19, send your request to your principal inspector or local Flight
Standards District Office, as appropriate. If sending information directly to the manager of the ECO
Branch, send it to the attention of the person identified in paragraph (j)(1) of this AD. You may email
your request to: ANE-AD-AMOC@faa.gov.
(2) Before using any approved AMOC, notify your appropriate principal inspector, or lacking a
principal inspector, the manager of the local flight standards district office/certificate holding district
office.

(j) Related Information

(1) For more information about this AD, contact Robert Green, Aerospace Engineer, FAA, ECO
Branch, Compliance and Airworthiness Division, 1200 District Avenue, Burlington, MA 01803;
phone: 781-238-7754; fax: 781-238-7199; email: Robert.Green@faa.gov.
(2) Refer to MCAI European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) AD 2017-0242, dated December
7, 2016, for more information. You may examine the MCAI in the AD docket on the Internet at
http://www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating it in Docket No. FAA-2017-0767.

(k) Material Incorporated by Reference

(1) The Director of the Federal Register approved the incorporation by reference (IBR) of the
service information listed in this paragraph under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51.
(2) You must use this service information as applicable to do the actions required by this AD,
unless the AD specifies otherwise.
(i) Rolls-Royce plc (RR) Alert Non-Modification Service Bulletin Trent XWB 72-AJ443,
Revision 1, dated December 21, 2016.
(ii) Reserved.
(3) For RR service information identified in this AD, contact Rolls-Royce plc, Corporate
Communications, P.O. Box 31, Derby, England, DE24 8BJ; phone: 011-44-1332-242424; fax: 011-
44-1332-249936; email: http://www.rolls-royce.com/contact/civil_team.jsp; Internet:
https://customers.rolls-royce.com/public/rollsroycecare.
(4) You may view this service information at FAA, Engine and Propeller Standards Branch,
Policy and Innovation Division, 1200 District Avenue, Burlington, MA 01803. For information on
the availability of this material at the FAA, call 781-238-7125.
(5) You may view this service information at the National Archives and Records Administration
(NARA). For information on the availability of this material at NARA, call 202-741-6030, or go to:
http://www.archives.gov/federal-register/cfr/ibr-locations.html.

Issued in Burlington, Massachusetts, on September 13, 2017.

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Robert J. Ganley,
Manager, Engine and Propeller Standards Branch,
Aircraft Certification Service.




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This is a partial extract of the full document - please refer to the actual report for full information.
Sources as credited.