BOEINGDC-9MD-88

ID: US-2017-17-19
Issue date: 2017-09-29
Effective date: 2017-10-04  
Source: FAA
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Fuselage - Bulkhead Structures - Inspection

[Federal Register Volume 82, Number 167 (Wednesday, August 30, 2017)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 41160-41163]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2017-18165]

––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

Federal Aviation Administration

14 CFR Part 39

[Docket No. FAA-2017-0503; Product Identifier 2017-NM-032-AD; Amendment 39-19009; AD
2017-17-19]

RIN 2120-AA64

Airworthiness Directives; The Boeing Company Airplanes

AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT.

ACTION: Final rule.

––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

Summary:
We are adopting a new airworthiness directive (AD) for all The Boeing Company
Model DC-9-81 (MD-81), DC-9-82 (MD-82), DC-9-83 (MD-83), and DC-9-87 (MD-87) airplanes,
and Model MD-88 airplanes. This AD was prompted by reports of cracking of various structures in
the bulkhead. This AD requires an inspection for cracking in these structures, and corrective actions
if necessary. We are issuing this AD to address the unsafe condition on these products.

Dates:
This AD is effective October 4, 2017.
The Director of the Federal Register approved the incorporation by reference of a certain
publication listed in this AD as of October 4, 2017.

Addresses:
For service information identified in this final rule, contact Boeing Commercial
Airplanes, Attention: Contractual & Data Services (C&DS), 2600 Westminster Blvd., MC 110-SK57,
Seal Beach, CA 90740-5600; telephone 562-797-1717; Internet https://www.myboeingfleet.com.
You may view this service information at the FAA, Transport Standards Branch, 1601 Lind Avenue
SW., Renton, WA. For information on the availability of this material at the FAA, call 425-227-1221.
It is also available on the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket
No. FAA-2017-0509.

Examining the AD Docket

You may examine the AD docket on the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov by searching for
and locating Docket No. FAA-2017-0503; or in person at the Docket Management Facility between 9
a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. The AD docket contains this final
rule, the regulatory evaluation, any comments received, and other information. The address for the
Docket Office (phone: 800-647-5527) is Docket Management Facility, U.S. Department of

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Transportation, Docket Operations, M-30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12-140, 1200 New
Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20590.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: George Garrido, Aerospace Engineer, Airframe
Section, FAA, Los Angeles ACO Branch, 3960 Paramount Boulevard, Lakewood, CA 90712-4137;
phone: 562-627-5232; fax: 562-627-5210; email: george.garrido@faa.gov.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Discussion

We issued a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to amend 14 CFR part 39 by adding an AD
that would apply to all The Boeing Company Model DC-9-81 (MD-81), DC-9-82 (MD-82), DC-9-83
(MD-83), and DC-9-87 (MD-87) airplanes, and Model MD-88 airplanes. The NPRM published in the
Federal Register on June 2, 2017 (82 FR 25547). The NPRM was prompted by reports of cracking of
various structures in the bulkhead. The NPRM proposed to require an inspection for cracking in these
structures, and corrective actions if necessary. We are issuing this AD to detect and correct cracking
at the cant station 1463 bulkhead and cant station 1254 bulkhead, which could result in reduced
structural integrity of the airplane.

Comments

We gave the public the opportunity to participate in developing this final rule. The following
presents the comments received on the NPRM and the FAA's response to each comment.

Support for the NPRM

Boeing stated that it appreciates the credit for actions done prior to the effective date of the AD
specified in paragraph (i) of the proposed AD.

Request To Clarify Location of Crack Findings

Boeing requested that we revise the Discussion section to add the vertical stabilizer location in
the sentence “The cracks were in the upper left area of the bulkhead, between longerons L-2 and L-3,
in the frame web, horizontal stiffeners, lower frame cap, [vertical stabilizer] rear spar cap, and spar
cap web.”
We partially agree with Boeing's request. The added wording does accurately indicate the
cracking location. However, this description is not repeated in this final rule. Therefore, no change is
needed in this regard.

Requests To Revise Inspection Locations for Affected Airplanes

Boeing and Delta Airlines (DAL) requested that we revise paragraph (g) of the proposed AD to
include Model MD-88 airplanes in the cant station 1463 bulkhead group instead of the cant station
1254 bulkhead group. The commenters explained that Model MD-88 airplanes share the same
fuselage length (and hence, station numbers) as Model DC-9-81, DC-9-82, and DC-9-83 airplanes.
The commenters also request that, with the requested change to paragraph (g) of the proposed AD,
we remove paragraph (h)(1) of the proposed AD since there would be no need for that exception to
the service information.
We agree with the commenters' requests. The cant station 1463 bulkhead is correct for Model
MD-88 airplanes. This group revision does not change the overall scope of the actions required for
Model MD-88 airplanes. We agree that the service information exception in paragraph (h)(1) of the

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proposed AD is no longer needed. We have revised the Model MD-88 grouping in paragraph (g) of
this AD, removed paragraph (h)(1) of the proposed AD, and redesignated paragraph (h)(2) of the
proposed AD as paragraph (h) in this AD.

Conclusion

We reviewed the relevant data, considered the comments received, and determined that air safety
and the public interest require adopting this final rule with the changes described previously and
minor editorial changes. We have determined that these minor changes:
• Are consistent with the intent that was proposed in the NPRM for correcting the unsafe
condition; and
• Do not add any additional burden upon the public than was already proposed in the NPRM.
We also determined that these changes will not increase the economic burden on any operator or
increase the scope of this final rule.

Related Service Information Under 1 CFR Part 51

We reviewed Boeing Alert Service Bulletin MD80-53A316, dated December 15, 2016. The
service information describes procedures for a detailed inspection on the left and right sides of the
forward and aft surfaces of cant station 1463 bulkhead and cant station 1254 bulkhead for cracking in
the upper caps, upper cap doublers, bulkhead webs and doublers, stiffeners, lower caps, and vertical
stabilizer rear spar caps and webs, between longerons L-11L through L-11R, and corrective actions.
This service information is reasonably available because the interested parties have access to it
through their normal course of business or by the means identified in the ADDRESSES section.

Costs of Compliance

We estimate that this AD will affect 361 airplanes of U.S. registry. We estimate the following
costs to comply with this AD:

Estimated Costs
Action Labor cost Parts Cost per Cost on U.S.
cost product operators
Inspection 3 work-hours × $85 per hour = $0 $255 $92,055
$255

We have received no definitive data that would enable us to provide cost estimates for the on-
condition actions specified in this AD.

Authority for This Rulemaking

Title 49 of the United States Code specifies the FAA's authority to issue rules on aviation safety.
Subtitle I, section 106, describes the authority of the FAA Administrator. Subtitle VII: Aviation
Programs, describes in more detail the scope of the Agency's authority.
We are issuing this rulemaking under the authority described in Subtitle VII, Part A, Subpart III,
Section 44701: “General requirements.” Under that section, Congress charges the FAA with
promoting safe flight of civil aircraft in air commerce by prescribing regulations for practices,
methods, and procedures the Administrator finds necessary for safety in air commerce. This
regulation is within the scope of that authority because it addresses an unsafe condition that is likely
to exist or develop on products identified in this rulemaking action.

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This AD is issued in accordance with authority delegated by the Executive Director, Aircraft
Certification Service, as authorized by FAA Order 8000.51C. In accordance with that order, issuance
of ADs is normally a function of the Compliance and Airworthiness Division, but during this
transition period, the Executive Director has delegated the authority to issue ADs applicable to
transport category airplanes to the Director of the System Oversight Division.

Regulatory Findings

This AD will not have federalism implications under Executive Order 13132. This AD will not
have a substantial direct effect on the States, on the relationship between the national government and
the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of
government.
For the reasons discussed above, I certify that this AD:
(1) Is not a “significant regulatory action” under Executive Order 12866,
(2) Is not a “significant rule” under DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034,
February 26, 1979),
(3) Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska, and
(4) Will not have a significant economic impact, positive or negative, on a substantial number of
small entities under the criteria of the Regulatory Flexibility Act.

List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39

Air transportation, Aircraft, Aviation safety, Incorporation by reference, Safety.

Adoption of the Amendment

Accordingly, under the authority delegated to me by the Administrator, the FAA amends 14 CFR
part 39 as follows:

PART 39–AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES

1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows:

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701.

§ 39.13 [Amended]

2. The FAA amends § 39.13 by adding the following new airworthiness directive (AD):




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AIRWORTHINESS
FAA DIRECTIVE
Aviation Safety
www.faa.gov/aircraft/safety/alerts/
www.gpoaccess.gov/fr/advanced.html


2017-17-19 The Boeing Company: Amendment 39-19009; Docket No. FAA-2017-0503; Product
Identifier 2017-NM-032-AD.

(a) Effective Date

This AD is effective October 4, 2017.

(b) Affected ADs

None.

(c) Applicability

This AD applies to all The Boeing Company Model DC-9-81 (MD-81), DC-9-82 (MD-82), DC-
9-83 (MD-83), and DC-9-87 (MD-87) airplanes, and Model MD-88 airplanes, certificated in any
category.

(d) Subject

Air Transport Association (ATA) of America Code 53; Fuselage.

(e) Unsafe Condition

This AD was prompted by reports of cracking of various structures at the cant station 1463
bulkhead and at the cant station 1254 bulkhead. We are issuing this AD to detect and correct cracking
at the cant station 1463 bulkhead and cant station 1254 bulkhead, which could result in reduced
structural integrity of the airplane.

(f) Compliance

Comply with this AD within the compliance times specified, unless already done.

(g) Inspection and Corrective Action

Within 700 flight cycles or 6 months after the effective date of this AD, whichever occurs first,
do a detailed inspection for cracking on the left and right sides of the forward and aft surfaces of the
cant station 1463 bulkhead (for Model DC-9-81 (MD-81), DC-9-82 (MD-82), and DC-9-83 (MD-83)
airplanes, and Model MD-88 airplanes) and cant station 1254 bulkhead (for Model DC-9-87 (MD-87)
airplanes); and do all applicable corrective actions; in accordance with the Accomplishment
Instructions of Boeing Alert Service Bulletin MD80-53A316, dated December 15, 2016, except as
required in paragraph (h) of this AD. Do all applicable corrective actions before further flight.




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(h) Exception to Service Information

Where Boeing Alert Service Bulletin MD80-53A316, dated December 15, 2016, specifies to
contact Boeing for appropriate action and specifies that action as “RC” (Required for Compliance):
Before further flight, repair the cracking using a method approved in accordance with the procedures
specified in paragraph (k) of this AD.

(i) Credit for Previous Actions

This paragraph provides credit for the actions specified in paragraph (g) of this AD, if those
actions were performed before the effective date of this AD using Boeing Multi Operator Message
MOM-MOM-16-0684-01B, dated October 7, 2016.

(j) Special Flight Permit

Special flight permits, as described in Section 21.197 and Section 21.199 of the Federal Aviation
Regulations (14 CFR 21.197 and 21.199), may be issued to operate the airplane to a location where
the requirements of this AD can be accomplished, but concurrence by the Manager, Los Angeles
ACO Branch, FAA, is required before issuance of the special flight permit.

(k) Alternative Methods of Compliance (AMOCs)

(1) The Manager, Los Angeles ACO Branch, FAA, has the authority to approve AMOCs for this
AD, if requested using the procedures found in 14 CFR 39.19. In accordance with 14 CFR 39.19,
send your request to your principal inspector or local Flight Standards District Office, as appropriate.
If sending information directly to the manager of the certification office, send it to the attention of the
person identified in paragraph (l) of this AD. Information may be emailed to: 9-ANM-LAACO-
AMOC-Requests@faa.gov.
(2) Before using any approved AMOC, notify your appropriate principal inspector, or lacking a
principal inspector, the manager of the local flight standards district office/certificate holding district
office.
(3) An AMOC that provides an acceptable level of safety may be used for any repair,
modification, or alteration required by this AD if it is approved by the Boeing Commercial Airplanes
Organization Designation Authorization (ODA) that has been authorized by the Manager, Los
Angeles ACO Branch, to make those findings. To be approved, the repair method, modification
deviation, or alteration deviation must meet the certification basis of the airplane, and the approval
must specifically refer to this AD.
(4) Except as required by paragraph (h) of this AD: For service information that contains steps
that are labeled as Required for Compliance (RC), the provisions of paragraphs (k)(4)(i) and (k)(4)(ii)
of this AD apply.
(i) The steps labeled as RC, including substeps under an RC step and any figures identified in an
RC step, must be done to comply with the AD. If a step or substep is labeled “RC Exempt,” then the
RC requirement is removed from that step or substep. An AMOC is required for any deviations to RC
steps, including substeps and identified figures.
(ii) Steps not labeled as RC may be deviated from using accepted methods in accordance with
the operator's maintenance or inspection program without obtaining approval of an AMOC, provided
the RC steps, including substeps and identified figures, can still be done as specified, and the airplane
can be put back in an airworthy condition.




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(l) Related Information

(1) For more information about this AD, contact George Garrido, Aerospace Engineer, Airframe
Section, FAA, Los Angeles ACO Branch, 3960 Paramount Boulevard, Lakewood, CA 90712-4137;
phone: 562-627-5232; fax: 562-627-5210; email: george.garrido@faa.gov.
(2) Service information identified in this AD that is not incorporated by reference is available at
the addresses specified in paragraphs (m)(3) and (m)(4) of this AD.

(m) Material Incorporated by Reference

(1) The Director of the Federal Register approved the incorporation by reference (IBR) of the
service information listed in this paragraph under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51.
(2) You must use this service information as applicable to do the actions required by this AD,
unless the AD specifies otherwise.
(i) Boeing Alert Service Bulletin MD80-53A316, dated December 15, 2016.
(ii) Reserved.
(3) For service information identified in this AD, contact Boeing Commercial Airplanes,
Attention: Contractual & Data Services (C&DS), 2600 Westminster Blvd., MC 110-SK57, Seal
Beach, CA 90740-5600; telephone 562-797-1717; Internet https://www.myboeingfleet.com.
(4) You may view this service information at the FAA, Transport Standards Branch, 1601 Lind
Avenue SW., Renton, WA. For information on the availability of this material at the FAA, call 425-
227-1221.
(5) You may view this service information that is incorporated by reference at the National
Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the availability of this material at
NARA, call 202-741-6030, or go to: http://www.archives.gov/federal-register/cfr/ibr-locations.html.

Issued in Renton, Washington, on August 17, 2017.
Jeffrey E. Duven,
Director, System Oversight Division,
Aircraft Certification Service.




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This is a partial extract of the full document - please refer to the actual report for full information.
Sources as credited.