Airworthiness Directive

ID: 2017-25-03
Issue date: 2017-12-06
Effective date: 2017-12-21
Subject: Ice and rain protection
Source: FAA
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Fokker Services B.V. Airplanes

[Federal Register Volume 82, Number 233 (Wednesday, December 6, 2017)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 57537-57539]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2017-26192]

––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

Federal Aviation Administration

14 CFR Part 39

[Docket No. FAA-2017-1097; Product Identifier 2013-NM-015-AD; Amendment 39-19117; AD
2017-25-03]

RIN 2120-AA64

Airworthiness Directives; Fokker Services B.V. Airplanes

AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT.

ACTION: Final rule; request for comments.

––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

Summary:
We are adopting a new airworthiness directive (AD) for all Fokker Services B.V.
Model F28 Mark 0070 and 0100 airplanes. This AD requires contacting the FAA to obtain
instructions for addressing the unsafe condition on these products, and doing the actions specified in
those instructions. This AD was prompted by a report of sparks and an electrical smell on the flight
deck of a Model F28 Mark 0070 airplane. We are issuing this AD to address the unsafe condition on
these products.

Dates:
This AD becomes effective December 21, 2017.
We must receive comments on this AD by January 22, 2018.

Addresses:
You may send comments, using the procedures found in 14 CFR 11.43 and 11.45, by
any of the following methods:
• Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the instructions for
submitting comments.
• Fax: 202-493-2251.
• Mail: U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket Operations, M-30, West Building Ground
Floor, Room W12-140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20590.
• Hand Delivery: U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket Operations, M-30, West Building
Ground Floor, Room W12-140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC, between 9
a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays.




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Examining the AD Docket

You may examine the AD docket on the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov by searching for
and locating Docket No. FAA-2017-1097; or in person at the Docket Operations office between 9
a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. The AD docket contains this AD,
the regulatory evaluation, any comments received, and other information. The street address for the
Docket Operations office (telephone: 800-647-5527) is in the ADDRESSES section. Comments will
be available in the AD docket shortly after receipt.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Tom Rodriguez, Aerospace Engineer,
International Section, Transport Standards Branch, FAA, 1601 Lind Avenue SW., Renton, WA
98057-3356; telephone: 425-227-1137; fax: 425-227-1149.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Discussion

The European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA), which is the Technical Agent for the Member
States of the European Union, has issued EASA AD 2013-0003, dated January 7, 2013 (referred to
after this as the Mandatory Continuing Airworthiness Information, or “the MCAI”), to correct an
unsafe condition for all Fokker Services B.V. Model F28 Mark 0070 and 0100. The MCAI states:

Following a report of sparks and an electrical smell on the flight deck of an F28 Mark
0070 aeroplane, the investigation results revealed heat damage on several contacts of
connector J 4222A/P 4222B, most likely caused by a degraded contact. An imbalance
of the resistance of two contacts, used in parallel in the left-hand (LH) windshield
heating system, resulted in a too high current. This overheated the contacts and caused
carbonising, thereby creating a conductive path between the contacts of the LH
windshield heating system and the LH sliding window heating system. The conductive
path resulted in a too high voltage on the LH sliding window, causing overheating of
the LH sliding window heating element.

This condition, if not detected and corrected, could lead to further cases of electrical
overload, possibly resulting in failure of sliding window heating element(s) and
consequent arcing, smoke and fire in the cockpit area.

Prompted by these findings, Fokker Services issued Service Bulletin (SB) SBF100-30-
027 which introduces a modification of wiring distribution on the affected receptacles
and plugs.

To correct this potential unsafe condition, [Civil Aviation Authority–The Netherlands]
CAA-NL issued [Dutch] AD NL-2005-009 (EASA approval 2005-6043) [which
corresponds to FAA AD 2006-15-17, Amendment 39-14698 (71 FR 43033, July 31,
2006)] to require modification of the wiring distribution of the AC Bus Transfer
Power System and the Windshield Anti-Icing Systems, as specified in Fokker Services
SBF100-30-027.

Since that [Dutch] AD was issued, Fokker Services found that, as the Accomplishment
Instructions of SBF100-30-027 were divided in 5 blocks, an individual aeroplane
(serial number) could be specified in one or more blocks. This led to confusion for
operators and may have resulted in incomplete accomplishment of the modification as
required by [Dutch] AD NL-2005-009.

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Fokker Services SBF100-30-027 has now been revised to include a one-to one relation
between each aeroplane and the applicable blocks in the Accomplishment Instructions.

For the reasons described above, this [EASA] AD requires a one-time check of the
work accomplished through Fokker Services SBF100-30-027, a visual inspection of
the contacts of connectors and, depending on findings, rework of the wiring.

You may examine the MCAI on the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov by searching for and
locating Docket No. FAA-2017-1097.

FAA's Determination and Requirements of This AD

This product has been approved by the aviation authority of another country, and is approved for
operation in the United States. Pursuant to our bilateral agreement with the State of Design Authority,
we have been notified of the unsafe condition described in the MCAI. We are issuing this AD
because we evaluated all pertinent information and determined the unsafe condition exists and is
likely to exist or develop on other products of the same type design.

FAA's Determination of the Effective Date

There are currently no domestic operators of this product. Therefore, we find that notice and
opportunity for prior public comment are unnecessary and that good cause exists for making this
amendment effective in less than 30 days.

Comments Invited

This AD is a final rule that involves requirements affecting flight safety, and we did not precede
it by notice and opportunity for public comment. We invite you to send any written relevant data,
views, or arguments about this AD. Send your comments to an address listed under the ADDRESSES
section. Include “Docket No. FAA-2017-1097; Product Identifier 2013-NM-015-AD” at the
beginning of your comments. We specifically invite comments on the overall regulatory, economic,
environmental, and energy aspects of this AD. We will consider all comments received by the closing
date and may amend this AD based on those comments.
We will post all comments we receive, without change, to http://www.regulations.gov, including
any personal information you provide. We will also post a report summarizing each substantive
verbal contact we receive about this AD.

Costs of Compliance

Currently, there are no affected U.S.-registered airplanes. This AD requires contacting the FAA
to obtain instructions for addressing the unsafe condition, and doing the actions specified in those
instructions. Based on the actions specified in the MCAI AD, we are providing the following cost
estimates for an affected airplane that is placed on the U.S. Register in the future:

Estimated Costs
Action Labor cost Parts Cost per
cost product
Maintenance record 1 work-hour × $85 per hour = $85 $0 $85
review


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Inspection Up to 76 work-hours × $85 per hour = $0 Up to $6,460
$6,460

We estimate the following costs to do any necessary on-condition modification that would be
required based on the results of the required actions:

On-Condition Costs
Action Labor cost Parts cost Cost per product
Modification Up to 16 work-hours × $85 per hour = $1,360 $0 Up to $1,360

Authority for This Rulemaking

Title 49 of the United States Code specifies the FAA's authority to issue rules on aviation safety.
Subtitle I, section 106, describes the authority of the FAA Administrator. “Subtitle VII: Aviation
Programs,” describes in more detail the scope of the Agency's authority.
We are issuing this rulemaking under the authority described in “Subtitle VII, Part A, Subpart
III, Section 44701: General requirements.” Under that section, Congress charges the FAA with
promoting safe flight of civil aircraft in air commerce by prescribing regulations for practices,
methods, and procedures the Administrator finds necessary for safety in air commerce. This
regulation is within the scope of that authority because it addresses an unsafe condition that is likely
to exist or develop on products identified in this rulemaking action.
This AD is issued in accordance with authority delegated by the Executive Director, Aircraft
Certification Service, as authorized by FAA Order 8000.51C. In accordance with that order, issuance
of ADs is normally a function of the Compliance and Airworthiness Division, but during this
transition period, the Executive Director has delegated the authority to issue ADs applicable to
transport category airplanes to the Director of the System Oversight Division.

Regulatory Findings

We determined that this AD will not have federalism implications under Executive Order 13132.
This AD will not have a substantial direct effect on the States, on the relationship between the
national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the
various levels of government.
For the reasons discussed above, I certify that this AD:
1. Is not a “significant regulatory action” under Executive Order 12866;
2. Is not a “significant rule” under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034,
February 26, 1979);
3. Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska; and
4. Will not have a significant economic impact, positive or negative, on a substantial number of
small entities under the criteria of the Regulatory Flexibility Act.

List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39

Air transportation, Aircraft, Aviation safety, Incorporation by reference, Safety.

Adoption of the Amendment

Accordingly, under the authority delegated to me by the Administrator, the FAA amends 14 CFR
part 39 as follows:


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PART 39–AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES

1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows:

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701.

§ 39.13 [Amended]

2. The FAA amends § 39.13 by adding the following new airworthiness directive (AD):




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AIRWORTHINESS
FAA DIRECTIVE
Aviation Safety
www.faa.gov/aircraft/safety/alerts/
www.gpoaccess.gov/fr/advanced.html


2017-25-03 Fokker Services B.V.: Amendment 39-19117; Docket No. FAA-2017-1097; Product
Identifier 2013-NM-015-AD.

(a) Effective Date

This AD becomes effective December 21, 2017.

(b) Affected ADs

None.

(c) Applicability

This AD applies to Fokker Services B.V. Model F28 Mark 0070 and 0100 airplanes, certificated
in any category, all manufacturer serial numbers.

(d) Subject

Air Transport Association (ATA) of America Code 30, Ice and rain protection.

(e) Reason

This AD was prompted by a report of sparks and an electrical smell on the flight deck of a Model
F28 Mark 0070 airplane. We are issuing this AD to prevent an electrical overload in the windshield
heating system, which could result in failure of a sliding window heating element and consequent
arcing, smoke, and fire in the flight deck.

(f) Compliance

Comply with this AD within the compliance times specified, unless already done.

(g) Required Action(s)

Within 30 days after the effective date of this AD, request instructions from the Manager,
International Section, Transport Standards Branch, FAA, to address the unsafe condition specified in
paragraph (e) of this AD; and accomplish the actions at the times specified in, and in accordance
with, those instructions. Guidance can be found in Mandatory Continuing Airworthiness Information
(MCAI) European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) AD 2013-0003, dated January 7, 2013.

(h) Alternative Methods of Compliance (AMOCs)

The Manager, International Section, Transport Standards Branch, FAA, has the authority to
approve AMOCs for this AD, if requested using the procedures found in 14 CFR 39.19. In
accordance with 14 CFR 39.19, send your request to your principal inspector or local Flight

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Standards District Office, as appropriate. If sending information directly to the International Section,
send it to the attention of the person identified in paragraph (i)(2) of this AD. Information may be
emailed to: 9-ANM-116-AMOC-REQUESTS@faa.gov. Before using any approved AMOC, notify
your appropriate principal inspector, or lacking a principal inspector, the manager of the local flight
standards district office/certificate holding district office.

(i) Related Information

(1) Refer to MCAI EASA AD 2013-0003, dated January 7, 2013, for related information. You
may examine the MCAI on the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating
Docket No. FAA-2017-1097.
(2) For more information about this AD, contact Tom Rodriguez, Aerospace Engineer,
International Section, Transport Standards Branch, FAA, 1601 Lind Avenue SW., Renton, WA
98057-3356; telephone: 425-227-1137; fax: 425-227-1149.

(j) Material Incorporated by Reference

None.

Issued in Renton, Washington, on November 21, 2017.
Jeffrey E. Duven,
Director, System Oversight Division,
Aircraft Certification Service.




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This is a partial extract of the full document - please refer to the actual report for full information.
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